In October 2000, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1325 on Women Peace and Security. The resolution recognizes the impact of armed conflict on women, their under-representation in peace processes and the important role they play in the maintenance and promotion of peace and security. The UN Security Council, through this resolution, called for urgent measures for mainstreaming gender perspectives in all conflict prevention and resolution initiatives. The resolution became the first comprehensive international framework that mandates mainstreaming of gender in Peace Support Operations. Preceding the UNSCR1325 was the Department of Peace-Keeping Operations (DPKO) study on mainstreaming agender perspective in multi-dimensional peace support operations, the Windhoek Declaration and Namibia Plan of Action that called for the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in all areas of a multi-dimensional peace support operations. This was in recognition that the history, concept and practice of peace keeping was male- dominated, yet modern day peace-keeping has become complex and gendered with different effects on women and men hence requiring joint efforts from both.
The objective of the “One UN” is to improve the impact, coherence, efficiency, effectiveness and positioning of the UN system in Kenya to enable it better assist the country to meet the MDGs and Vision 2030. This will be achieved through One Programme, One Budgetary Framework, One Office, One Leader and Communicating as One.