This is aligned to the Government of Kenya’s ‘Big Four’ Agenda on Affordable housing and the Medium-Term Plan III of Vision 2030.
The UN is supporting efforts to:
- Increase capacity of national and county institutions to generate quality population data and information for decision making including integration of demographic dynamics and population characteristics in people centered development plans and strategies
- Increase capacity of national and county governments to develop and implements policies, urban development plans and programmes that foster integrated, equitable, sustainable cities and communities
- Increase capacity of national and county governments to develop and implement sustainable housing policies, social and physical infrastructure that improve access to affordable and adequate housing focusing on informal settlements and slum upgrading.
Kenya’s rapid rate of urbanisation continues to increase pressure on housing and urban infrastructure. Housing is not being built at anywhere near an adequate rate, and growth of slums and informal settlements is expanding. These are often not served by public schools or other amenities. Over 35 per cent of Kenyans now live in cities and towns, and it is projected that more than 50 per cent will live in urban areas by 2030 (Kenya Common Country Analysis, 2018). This gives rise to several issues that negatively affect women and girls living in these urban settlements including their safety, affordable housing and adequate social amenities. Failure to fully mainstream gender into all aspects of urban, population and housing planning prevents integration of women from other social, economic, political and cultural aspects. The UN is supporting government to mainstream gender into people centered development plans and strategies and urban and housing plans and development include various interventions for example involving participation of women in consultative processes, targeting of women specifically as beneficiaries and employment of women at the local level, among other activities (UN Habitat Strategic Plan 2014-2019).